Primary Colonisers

  • Carmichaelia australis
  • Carmichaelia odorata
  • Coprosma robusta
  • Cordyline australis
  • Elaeocarpus dentatus
  • Geniostoma rupestre
  • Hebe speciosa
  • Hoheria angustifolia
  • Knightia excelsa
  • Kunzea ericoides
  • Leptospermum scoparium
  • Melicytus ramiflorus
  • Metrosideros excelsa
  • Metrosideros robusta
  • Metrosideros umbellata
  • Phormium tenax
  • Pittosporum eugenioides
  • Pittosporum ralphii
  • Pittosporum tenuifolium
  • Aristotelia serrata

Coastal

  • Astelia banksii
  • Astelia chathamica
  • Austroderia splendens syn. Cortaderia
  • Austroderia toetoe syn. Cortaderia
  • Brachyglottis monroi
  • Carex comans
  • Carex pumila
  • Carex testacea
  • Carex trifida
  • Coprosma acerosa
  • Coprosma arborea
  • Coprosma 'Hawera'
  • Coprosma 'Prostrata'
  • Coprosma repens
  • Coprosma 'Taiko'
  • Coprosma x kirkii
  • Cordyline australis
  • Corynocarpus laevigatus
  • Dysoxylum spectabile
  • Entelea arborescens
  • Griselinia lucida
  • Lepidium oleraceum
  • Macropiper excelsum
  • Melicope ternata
  • Melicytus crassifolius
  • Meryta sinclairii
  • Metrosideros excelsa
  • Metrosideros kermadecensis
  • Muehlenbeckia complexa
  • Myoporum laetum
  • Olearia paniculata
  • Ozothamnus leptophyllus
  • Pachystegia insignis
  • Pittosporum crassifolium
  • Plagianthus divaricatus
  • Planchonella costata
  • Pseudopanax lessonii
  • Rhopalostylis sapida
  • Spinifex sericeus
  • Vitex lucens
  • Arthropodium cirratum
  • Metrosideros villosa 'Tahiti'
  • Astelia nervosa 'Westland'

Attracts Birds

  • Astelia banksii
  • Astelia chathamica
  • Austroderia splendens syn. Cortaderia
  • Austroderia toetoe syn. Cortaderia
  • Brachyglottis monroi
  • Carex comans
  • Carex pumila
  • Carex testacea
  • Carex trifida
  • Coprosma acerosa
  • Coprosma arborea
  • Coprosma 'Hawera'
  • Coprosma 'Prostrata'
  • Coprosma repens
  • Coprosma 'Taiko'
  • Coprosma x kirkii
  • Cordyline australis
  • Corynocarpus laevigatus
  • Dysoxylum spectabile
  • Entelea arborescens
  • Griselinia lucida
  • Lepidium oleraceum
  • Macropiper excelsum
  • Melicope ternata
  • Melicytus crassifolius
  • Meryta sinclairii
  • Metrosideros excelsa
  • Metrosideros kermadecensis
  • Muehlenbeckia complexa
  • Myoporum laetum
  • Olearia paniculata
  • Ozothamnus leptophyllus
  • Pachystegia insignis
  • Pittosporum crassifolium
  • Plagianthus divaricatus
  • Planchonella costata
  • Pseudopanax lessonii
  • Rhopalostylis sapida
  • Spinifex sericeus
  • Vitex lucens
  • Arthropodium cirratum
  • Metrosideros villosa 'Tahiti'

Attracts Bees

  • Aristotelia serrata
  • Carmichaelia australis
  • Carmichaelia odorata
  • Coprosma robusta
  • Cordyline australis
  • Elaeocarpus dentatus
  • Geniostoma rupestre
  • Hebe speciosa
  • Hoheria angustifolia
  • Knightia excelsa
  • Kunzea ericoides
  • Leptospermum scoparium
  • Melicytus ramiflorus
  • Metrosideros excelsa
  • Metrosideros robusta
  • Metrosideros umbellata
  • Phormium tenax
  • Pittosporum eugenioides
  • Pittosporum ralphii
  • Pittosporum tenuifolium
  • Metrosideros villosa 'Tahiti'

Wetland

  • Apodasmia similis
  • Austroderia fulvida syn Cortaderia
  • Austroderia toetoe syn. Cortaderia
  • Bolboschoenus fluviatilis
  • Carex buchananii
  • Carex comans
  • Carex dipsacea
  • Carex geminata
  • Carex secta
  • Carex virgata
  • Coprosma propinqua
  • Coprosma tenuicaulis
  • Cordyline australis
  • Cyperus ustulatus
  • Dacrycarpus dacrydioides
  • Eleocharis sphacelata
  • Juncus edgariae
  • Laurelia novae-zelandiae
  • Leptospermum scoparium
  • Machaerina teretifolia syn
  • Phormium tenax
  • Plagianthus divaricatus
  • Plagianthus regius
  • Schefflera digitata
  • Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani Syn
  • Sporadanthus traversii
  • Typha orientalis

Erosion

  • Austroderia fulvida syn Cortaderia
  • Carex pumila
  • Coprosma lucida
  • Coprosma repens
  • Coprosma robusta
  • Coprosma x kirkii
  • Coriaria arborea
  • Corynocarpus laevigatus
  • Dysoxylum spectabile
  • Ficinia spiralis (Desmoschoenus)
  • Hebe stricta
  • Hoheria populnea
  • Hoheria sexstylosa
  • Kunzea ericoides var microflora
  • Leptospermum scoparium
  • Melicytus ramiflorus

Flowers

  • Arthropodium cirratum
  • Astelia solandri
  • Austroderia fulvida syn Cortaderia
  • Austroderia splendens syn. Cortaderia
  • Austroderia toetoe syn. Cortaderia
  • Brachyglottis greyii
  • Brachyglottis repanda
  • Clianthus puniceus
  • Cordyline australis
  • Cordyline banksii
  • Corokia buddleioides
  • Corokia cotoneaster
  • Fuchsia excorticata
  • Hebe elliptica
  • Hebe evenosa
  • Hebe hulkeana
  • Metrosideros villosa 'Tahiti'

Alpine

  • Chionochloa flavicans
  • Chionochloa rigida
  • Chionochloa rubra
  • Coprosma acerosa brunnea
  • Coprosma rugosa
  • Discaria toumatou
  • Festuca coxii
  • Hebe evenosa
  • Hebe odora
  • Hebe pimeleoides
  • Hebe recurva
  • Hebe venustula
  • Hoheria glabrata
  • Hoheria lyallii
  • Machaerina sinclairii
  • Microlaena avenacea

Features

  • Agathis australis
  • Alectryon excelsus
  • Beilschmiedia tarairi
  • Cordyline australis
  • Corynocarpus laevigatus
  • Cyathea dealbata
  • Cyathea medullaris
  • Cyathea smithii
  • Dacrycarpus dacrydioides
  • Dicksonia fibrosa
  • Dicksonia squarrosa
  • Dodonaea viscosa 'purpurea'
  • Griselinia lucida
  • Hoheria populnea
  • Knightia excelsa
  • Laurelia novae-zelandiae
  • Metrosideros villosa 'Tahiti'
  • Astelia nervosa 'Westland'

Suitable for Containers

  • Agathis australis
  • Arthropodium cirratum
  • Clematis paniculata
  • Clianthus puniceus
  • Cordyline australis
  • Cordyline banksii
  • Corynocarpus laevigatus
  • Dacrydium cupressinum
  • Entelea arborescens
  • Griselinia littoralis
  • Griselinia lucida
  • Libocedrus bidwillii
  • Libocedrus plumosa
  • Lophomyrtus bullata
  • Macropiper excelsum var psittacorum
  • Macropiper excelsum variegata
  • Phormium 'Tricolour'
  • Phormium 'Yellow Wave'
  • Pittosporum eugenioides
  • Pittosporum tenuifolium
  • Poa cita
  • Podocarpus nivalis
  • Podocarpus totara
  • Pomaderris kumeraho
  • Pseudopanax crassifolius
  • Pseudopanax laetus
  • Pseudopanax lessonii
  • Rhopalostylis sapida
  • Schefflera digitata
  • Scleranthus uniflorus
  • Sophora 'Dragons Gold'
  • Sophora microphylla
  • Sophora tetraptera
  • Xeronema callistemon
  • Metrosideros villosa 'Tahiti'
  • Astelia nervosa 'Westland'

Medicinal Properties

  • Alectryon excelsus
  • Aristotelia serrata
  • Arthropodium cirratum
  • Austroderia fulvida syn Cortaderia
  • Austroderia splendens syn. Cortaderia
  • Austroderia toetoe syn. Cortaderia
  • Beilschmiedia tawa
  • Coprosma grandifolia
  • Cordyline australis
  • Dacrydium cupressinum
  • Dysoxylum spectabile
  • Elaeocarpus dentatus
  • Hebe stricta
  • Kunzea ericoides
  • Laurelia novae-zelandiae
  • Leptospermum scoparium

Cultural Significence

  • Agathis australis
  • Agathis australis
  • Beilschmiedia tawa
  • Carpodetus serratus
  • Coprosma robusta
  • Corynocarpus laevigatus
  • Dodonaea viscosa
  • Elaeocarpus dentatus
  • Eleocharis sphacelata
  • Entelea arborescens
  • Fuchsia excorticata
  • Hoheria populnea
  • Lepidium oleraceum
  • Leptospermum scoparium
  • Pennantia corymbosa
  • Phormium tenax
  • Phyllocladus trichomanoides
  • Pittosporum eugenioides
  • Podocarpus hallii
  • Rhopalostylis sapida
  • Schefflera digitata

Suitable for Dry Conditions

  • Acaena inermis 'Purpurea'
  • Acaena novae-zelandiae
  • Anemanthele lessoniana
  • Arthropodium bifurcatum 'Matapouri Bay'
  • Arthropodium cirratum
  • Astelia banksii
  • Austroderia fulvida syn Cortaderia
  • Austroderia richardii syn Cortaderia
  • Austroderia splendens syn. Cortaderia
  • Austroderia toetoe syn. Cortaderia
  • Brachyglottis greyii
  • Brachyglottis greyii 'Sunshine'
  • Carex buchananii
  • Carex comans
  • Carex flagellifera
  • Carex tahoata 'Taupo Bronze Warrior'
  • Carex testacea
  • Chionochloa flavicans
  • Chionochloa rigida
  • Chionochloa rubra
  • Metrosideros villosa 'Tahiti'
  • Astelia nervosa 'Westland'

Suitable for Clay

  • Aristotelia serrata
  • Austroderia fulvida syn Cortaderia
  • Carex flagellifera
  • Carex tahoata 'Taupo Bronze Warrior'
  • Coprosma lucida
  • Coprosma robusta
  • Hebe parviflora
  • Hebe stricta
  • Kunzea ericoides
  • Leptospermum scoparium
  • Olearia paniculata
  • Phormium cookianum
  • Phormium tenax
  • Pittosporum eugenioides
  • Pittosporum tenuifolium
  • Pomaderris kumeraho

Shady

  • Alseuosmia macrophylla
  • Asplenium bulbiferum
  • Astelia fragrans
  • Blechnum discolor
  • Blechnum fluviatile
  • Blechnum novae-zealandiae
  • Carex dissita
  • Cordyline banksii
  • Cyathea dealbata
  • Cyathea medullaris
  • Cyathea smithii
  • Dianella nigra
  • Fuchsia excorticata
  • Gahnia setifolia
  • Machaerina sinclairii
  • Macropiper excelsum
  • Microlaena avenacea
  • Pneumatopteris pennigera
  • Schefflera digitata
  • Uncinia unciniata
  • Astelia nervosa 'Westland'

Frosty

  • Aciphylla dieffenbachii
  • Astelia fragrans
  • Austroderia fulvida syn Cortaderia
  • Austroderia richardii syn Cortaderia
  • Blechnum novae-zealandiae
  • Carex astonii
  • Carex buchananii
  • Carex comans
  • Carex dipsacea
  • Carex dissita
  • Carex flagellifera
  • Carex geminata
  • Carex lessoniana
  • Carex maorica
  • Carex secta
  • Carex testacea
  • Carex virgata
  • Carmichaelia odorata
  • Carpodetus serratus